Catalytic purification of Claus tail gas or lean H2S waste gas for an overall sulfur…
AQUISULF Process by Lurgi Oel-Gas-Chemie GmbH
Decrease H2S content in liquid sulfur condensed in SRUs and routed to sulfur degassing facilities. Maximum H2S content is 10 ppm.
A degassing unit is required to achieve 10 ppm H2S in liquid sulfur. The degassing is done in a concrete pit or sulfur degassing vessel that is divided into two compartments. The first compartment (1) is equipped with a recirculation and cooling pump (3) and a spraying system. The second (2) is equipped with a recirculation and transfer pump (4) also with a spraying system. A partition wall separates the two areas.
Sulfur arrives continuously into the first compartment where it is sprayed. It flows to the second compartment through an opening located at the bottom of the partition wall. The sulfur is sprayed again in the second compartment where degassing is completed. The degassed liquid sulfur is then transferred under level control to sulfur storage. To quickly mix the AQUISULF catalyst with sulfur, the catalyst is injected at the suction side of each sulfur recirculation pump.
The optimal temperature for degassing is reached by cooling the sulfur (5). The heat generates LP steam that is condensed in the air cooler (6). The pit vapor phase is swept with atmospheric air sucked in by a steam ejector. Sweeping gas flows from the second compartment to the first through a hole located at the top of the partition wall. The gas and H2S are sent to the incinerator through a steam ejector.
Economics: AQUISULF, including the sulfur pit and sulfur degassing vessel, respectively, accounts for approximately 20% of the Claus unit cost.
Licensor: Lurgi Oel-Gas-Chemie GmbH
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